Country profile


General information

Turkey (the Republic of Turkey) is a republic which straddles two continents. The European part in the north-west of Turkey (Eastern Thrace) accounts for about 3 % of the country’s total landmass. Anatolia, the Asian part of the country, accounts for around 97 % of the total territory. Turkey, with its 814,578 square kilometres (about two and a half times the size of Germany) is home to about 78.7 million people.

The capital city is Ankara. The official language in Turkish.

Economic data

Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP): USD 20,420
Real change in GDP between 2010 and 2015: 24.0 %
Gross national debt as percentage of GDP: 33 %
Percentage of women (aged 15-64) in gainful employment: 30.4 %
Youth unemployment rate (15-24 year-olds): 16.4 %

National currency: Turkish lira (TRY) / Rate of exchange: EUR 1 = TRY 3.34 (as at September 2016)

Additional information
Country information from the Federal Foreign Office
Website of the Turkish government