Country profile


General information

In Japan (Japanese: Nippon/Nihon) some 127 million people live on a landmass of 377,930 square kilometres. The national territory is spread over four main islands, which are surrounded by about 4,000 smaller islands.

The capital Tokyo forms the world’s largest metropolitan region with the cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki; the total population of the region is around 35 million.

The official language is Japanese.

Economic data

Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP): USD 38,142
Real change in GDP between 2010 and 2015: 3.2 %
Gross national debt as percentage of GDP: 248 %
Percentage of women (aged 15-64) in gainful employment: 63.6 %
Youth unemployment rate (15-24 year-olds): 5.3 %

National currency: Japanese yen (JPY) / Rate of exchange: EUR 1 = JPY 118.0955 (as at November 2016)

Additional information

Country information from the Federal Foreign Office
Website of the Japanese government