Country profile


General information

India (the Republic of India) is the second most populous country on Earth, after the People’s Republic of China. Its landmass of 3,287,000 square kilometres (a good nine times the size of Germany) is home to around 1.25 billion people (figures from the 2011 census).

The Himalayas form a natural border in the north of the country, as does the Indian Ocean in the south. Three island groups off the Indian sub-continent also belong to India.

The capital city is New Delhi.

The official languages are Hindi and English, but India also has 21 other recognised languages.

Economic data
Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP): USD 6,187
Real change in GDP between 2010 and 2015: 38.5 %
Gross national debt as percentage of GDP: 69 %
Percentage of women (aged 15-64) in gainful employment: no figure available
Youth unemployment rate (15-24 year-olds): 9.7 %

National currency: Indian rupee (INR) / Rate of exchange: EUR 1 = approx. INR 75 (as at September 2016)

Additional information

Country information from the Federal Foreign Office
Website of the Indian government