Country profile


General information

Spain (the Kingdom of Spain/Reino de España) is situated in south-western Europe, mainly on the Iberian peninsula.

Spain has a population of some 46.44 million (as at Jan. 2016) and a landmass of 505,990 square kilometres. Its capital city, Madrid, has a population of 3.16 million (share of foreigners: 12.2%).

The official language is Spanish (Castellano). Regional languages are regarded as second official languages in the Autonomous Communities of the Basque Country, Galicia, Catalonia Valencia, Navarra and the Balearics.

Economic data

Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP): USD 36,416

Nominal GDP: USD 1233 billion

Real change in GDP between 2010 and 2015: 2.0%

Gross national debt as a percentage of GDP: 99.3%

Percentage of women (aged 15–64) in gainful employment: 52.7%

Youth unemployment rate (15–24 year-olds): 48.3%

The national currency is the euro (EUR).

Additional information

Country information from the Federal Foreign Office

Website of the Spanish President of the Government