United States of America
The United States of America (USA) with a landmass of 9,826,630 square kilometres is home to about 319 million people. Alongside the descendants of European immigrants, the population includes around 39 million African Americans, some 50.5 million people of Latin American descent, about 14.7 million people with Asian roots and about 3 million Native Americans.
The country consists of 50 states, the District of Columbia with the capital city Washington DC, and a number of overseas territories with varying legal status. These include Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam and American Samoa.
The official language is English, although Spanish is a second official language in some places.
Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP): USD 56,084
Real change in GDP between 2010 and 2015: 10.9 %
Gross national debt as percentage of GDP: 105 %
Percentage of women (aged 15-64) in gainful employment: 63.4 %
Youth unemployment rate (15-24 year-olds): 11.8 %
National currency: US dollar (USD) / Rate of exchange: EUR 1 = USD 1.055 (as at November 2016)