The landmass of the Argentine Republic, at almost 2.8 million square kilometres, makes it the second largest country in South America. Only Brazil is larger. Its population, of around 41.8 million, ranks third in South America (after Brazil and Colombia). According to official statistics, more than 90 per cent of the population are descendants of European immigrants. Only a minority of Argentinians are descendants of the total of 30 ethnic groups who lived within what are today the borders of Argentina before the Spanish arrived.
A large percentage of the population live in and around the capital, Buenos Aires.
The official language in Argentina is Spanish. A number of other regional languages are also spoken by the indigenous population.
Economic data (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, based on purchasing power parity (PPP): USD 20,499
Real change in GDP between 2010 and 2015: 7.3 %
Gross national debt as percentage of GDP: 52 %
Percentage of women in gainful employment (women aged 15-64): 49.5 %
Youth unemployment rate (15-24 year-olds): 19.1 %
National currency: Argentine peso (ARS) / Rate of exchange: EUR 1 = ARS16.37 (as at 22 November 2016)